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What is Science&Technology Backyard?

时间:2016-05-09 11:39来源:未知 作者:小丹 点击:
The first STB-Baizhai ScienceTechnology Backyard. Currently it is challengeable for China to balance the demands of ensuring food security, improving resource use efficiency, and protecting the agro-ecological environment. There is an urgen


The first STB-Baizhai Science&Technology Backyard.
 

Currently it is challengeable for China to balance the demands of ensuring food security, improving resource use efficiency, and protecting the agro-ecological environment. There is an urgent need for the modern agriculture which is characterized by high efficiency outputs, secured products, conserved resources, and environment-friendly, based on innovated technological and optimized agricultural development mode. Whereas the technology innovation and application to agriculture are severely restricted by the gaps between the research and the practical production in agriculture, the mismatch between the trained agricultural technicians and the social needs, as well as the lack of integration among the agricultural technicians and the farmers and the rural areas.

To close the mentioned gaps, and to explore a new way in training graduate students to be agricultural scientists that are capable of practical agricultural technologies, since 2006, Prof. Fusuo Zhang, from the College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, CAU, initiated a promising graduate students training mode which provide students ‘non-distance next to farmers’ training conditions by sending them to certain pre-established local experimental stations or some rural areas directly. Such kind of graduate students training mode turns out to be successful regarding the example local experimental stations of Quzhou, Lishu, and Jiansanjiang, from Hebei, Jilin, and Heilongjiang province, respectively. In 2009, the first research group which consisted of professors and graduated students was sent to the rural areas in Baizhai town, Quzhou, Heibei Province, to conduct both scientific research and social services together with the local farmers. The research group stayed in a local house yard, which subsequently turns out to be a “multi-functional” house yard, - for living, studying, working, and conducting farmer services. Local farmers received a lot benefits from this house yard in terms of agricultural production knowledge, cultural perspectives, and even entertainment for their daily life. Thus, they kindly named the house yard “Sciences & Technology Backyard”, which stands for the first establishment of the Sciences & Technology Backyard (STB) in China.

Specifically, a STB is a basic platform of agricultural science and technology services which established at the rural areas, gathered of innovative science and technology, to train agricultural scientists, and to demonstrate the new technologies. In a STB, the graduated students and the technicians live in the rural areas, work together with the local farmers, provide free in time agricultural services without any barriers or knowledge-requirements from the consulting farmers or farmer organizations. Under the basic ethic of improving harvest as well as resource use efficiency, the maim goals of the STB are to 1) guide farmers to conduct agriculture in a high yield and high efficiency way, and thus to boost the high crop yield and high resources use efficiency, and higher farmer income; to 2) promote the rural cultural and the reform of the agricultural management system, therefore to explore a modern agriculture development manner in a sustainable way. 

(责任编辑:小丹)
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